Classified as a sedimentary rock, LImestone is formed by the accumulation of fine sediments, seashells and other organic matter deposited over millions of years.
Limestone is used to create beautiful and unique wall and floor tiles, which vary a great deal in density, colour, finish and overall look. Some degree of edge chipping may occur to the edges of limestone tiles along with occasional surface pitting, mineral veining, fissures, striations and resin fill.
An acid-sensitive material, limestone wall and floor tiles should be cleaned with a gentle, pH neutral cleaner.
The term Marble has traditionally been used to describe any natural stone which can have a polished finish applied to it, however geologically speaking a Marble is a limestone which has been subjected to thermal metamorphism.
This process which takes place deep below the Earth’s surface leads to a dense stone with a closed surface. Marble is a beautiful, striking and diverse material which can be pure white through to blue, green or purple, usually interlaced with contrasting mineral veins, marble has been used as a hard-wearing surface or as striking, feature pieces for millennia.
The dense nature of this material can lead to surface pits, something which should be expected but does not detract from the beauty of the product. It is not unusual for there to be a degree of resin fill to the surface of a marble, usually in more prominent or open veins. Due to its acid-sensitive nature, a pH neutral cleaner should be used on marble surfaces.
Travertine is a material formed by hot springs, the mineral-rich waters evaporate leaving behind deposits of calcium carbonate which solidifies to form travertine. Geologically very young, this stone is often deposited around vegetation which then decays leaving voids in the stone. These voids may be on the surface of the tile or can sometimes be just below the surface of the tile and can become exposed with use.
The surface voids may be filled as part of the finishing process, if any fill becomes dislodged or holes become exposed then a suitable resin-filler can be used to rectify. Use pH neutral cleaners to avoid any damage to this acid-sensitive material.
Characterised by its ability to be split into broad sheets, slate is a fine-grained & durable stone which can be a multitude of colours and has traditionally been used for roofing but also, in thicker formats, for flooring.
Dense and hard-wearing, slate can be used for outdoor and indoor surfaces.
Coarse-grained, and robust, sandstone has traditionally been used as external pavers for patios and terraces. The riven finish applied to the surface of the tiles creates a textured and uneven surface combined with a hand-chipped edge.
Literally meaning ‘baked earth’ terracotta is clay that has been shaped and fired to harden the material into tiles. Ideal for creating a rustic Mediterranean style, our terracotta comes in a variety of shapes and sizes. Some efflorescence may occur after installation, this can be removed with an acid-reaction cleaner but using a rapid setting adhesive helps minimise this occurrence.
Porcelain is a type of ceramic which is fired at extremely high temperatures, porcelain tiles have almost no absorption which makes them incredibly dense and hard-wearing. Porcelain tiles can either full-bodied and have the colour or pattern formed by the body of the tile or glazed which have the design applied only to the surface of the tile.
Porcelain wall and floor tiles can mimic materials such as wood, stone or metal or create intricate and detailed patterns and designs.
The way that porcelain tiles are produced means that there may be variation of size or colour between batches, because of this it is best to avoid mixing more than one batch.
Ceramic is not only the blanket term for any product made from clay and fired in a kiln to harden, but also the term for tiles which are fired at lower temperatures than porcelain and have greater water absorption.
These ceramic tiles are usually glazed with either high-gloss, colourful or patterned surfaces and usually for wall use only, although some ceramics can be used for flooring.